What ‘Day Zero’ means for Cape Town
Cape Town, South Africa, is a popular tourist destination with plenty of sunshine and sea, but 3 years of drought and a growing population risks the taps running dry.
Experts have deemed the situation in Cape Town as a crisis and most recent projections suggest that its water could run out as early as March this year. “The crisis has been caused by three years of very low rainfall, coupled with increasing consumption by a growing population” BBC News.
‘Day Zero’ is when the water-supplying dams sink below 13.5 percent of combined capacity, expected to be within as little as 90 days.
The local government has already capped household water usage to 87 litres per person per day and once ‘Day Zero’ hits, the municipal water supply will be turned off for all but essential services, like hospitals. Residents will have to go to municipal water points throughout the city where they can collect a maximum of 25 litres per day (Time).
The city is implementing new emergency measures, including restrictions on water use, as well as punitive charges for those who use more water than they are allowed (BusinessTech) but more action and innovation is required. Hogen Systems Ltd make equipment for producing potable water by extracting the moisture from air in an efficient and cost-effective way.
Figures are correct as of 22/01/2018